© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Samuel Agar, published by Colnaghi & Co, after Richard Cosway Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 15 January 1819 (1786)
7 in. x 5 in. (178 mm x 127 mm) plate size; 10 3/8 in. x 8 3/8 in. (265 mm x 214 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- George Rose (1744-1818), Statesman. Sitter associated with 14 portraits.
- John Samuel Agar (1773-1858), Engraver. Artist associated with 49 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Colnaghi & Co (active 1809-1835), Publishers. Artist associated with 100 portraits.
- Richard Cosway (1742-1821), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 96 portraits, Sitter in 15 portraits.
Peterloo Massacre leaves eleven dead and four hundred wounded as crowds, gathered to hear radical Henry Hunt call for reform of the House of Commons, are forcibly dispersed. Six Acts are passed, stiffening the 1795 Treason Act and introducing a tax on the periodical press which was viewed as seditious.
Art and science
Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Ode to the West Wind
during a year of extraordinary creativity in which he also finishes Prometheus Unbound
.Lord Byron publishes his tour-de-force Don Juan
; one man's mock-epic odyssey through a world without fixed principles. First ship with a steam engine crosses the Atlantic in twenty-eight days.
Thomas Jefferson establishes the University of Virginia.Royal Navy anti-slave squadron is set up to patrol the West African coastline.French physician Rene Laennac invents the stethoscope.