by and published by John Simon, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1708-1717 (circa 1703-1712)
13 3/4 in. x 9 7/8 in. (349 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Joseph Addison (1672-1719), Essayist and poet. Sitter in 24 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
James II's son, James Stuart, mounts an unsuccessful invasion of Scotland with a French fleet, endeavouring to reclaim the throne. Robert Harley, Duke of Oxford, having intrigued against the Duke of Marlborough and Earl of Godolphin, is dismissed from Parliament by Queen Anne. Queen's consort, Prince George of Denmark dies.
Art and science
The overall construction of St. Paul's Cathedral is completed. Sir Christopher Wren's son and the Master Mason lay the last stone on the lantern in a 'topping out' ceremony.
The allies' decisive victory against the French at the Battle of Oudenarde is principally due to William Cadogan, Earl of Cadogan's skilful deployment of an advance guard at opening stages of battle. Minorca is captured from Spain by the Anglo-Dutch navy.