© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester
by Robert Williams, published by Edward Cooper, after Willem Wissing Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, late 17th century
9 1/2 in. x 6 3/4 in. (241 mm x 170 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 75 portraits.
- Willem Wissing (1656-1687), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 146 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D1769: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
- NPG D1770: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
- NPG D1771: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
An indulgence is issued in Scotland, the result of Secretary of State for Scotland, John Maitland's negotiations with Presbyterians, allowing some formerly ejected clergymen to return to their ministries. Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I, dies at the château de Colombes and is buried in the Cathedral of St Denis.
Art and science
Architect, Christopher Wren is appointed surveyor of the king's works. Mathematician, Isaac Newton, is made Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. Earlier in the year, he builds the first known reflecting telescope.Diarist Samuel Pepys, with failing eyesight, stops writing his diary never to resume.
Charles II begins secret diplomatic negotiations with Louis XIV of France in April, with a view to securing an alliance against the Dutch, and financial support. Communications between the two monarchs flowed through Charles's sister, Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans, sister-in-law of Louis.