© National Portrait Gallery, London
King George II
by and published by Jacob Gole, after Johann Leonhard Hirschmann Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
13 5/8 in. x 10 in. (345 mm x 255 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 3/8 in. (360 mm x 265 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- King George II (1683-1760), Reigned 1727-60. Sitter associated with 57 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.