© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford
by Landon, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
etching, (circa 1636)
5 1/8 in. x 3 1/8 in. (130 mm x 79 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Landon. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
The third daughter of Charles I, Princess Anne, is born. She dies aged three of natural causes at Richmond Palace. Severe outbreak of the bubonic plague closes London theatres. They remain almost continuously closed until the end of the year.
Art and science
Canvases by painter, Sir Peter Paul Rubens are installed on the ceiling of the Banqueting House. Commissioned by Charles I, the paintings celebrate the life and wise government of his father, James I. The favourite portraitist of James I's queen Anne of Denmark, Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, dies.
Scottish army officer, Alexander Leslie, Earl of Leven, is appointed Swedish Field Marshal in Westphalia, and commands forces in a decisive victory over Imperial-Saxon forces at the Battle of Wittstock. North America's first college, New College, is founded in Massachusetts; two years later, its name would be changed to Harvard.