by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1699 (1696)
13 5/8 in. x 10 1/8 in. (345 mm x 257 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (Lion and Crown, Russell Street, Covent Garden, London)
Events of 1699back to top
Current affairsArchbishop Thomas Tenison in his circular letter to the bishops, emphasises their duty to instruct and guide parishioners away from sinful practises and encourage a moral reformation. Resignation of leading Whigs, opposed to a peacetime standing army, results in the disintegration and removal of the Whig Junto administration.
Art and scienceNicholas Hawksmoor meets playwright, Sir Jonathan Vanbrugh, the latter having just taken up architecture. The two architects would go on to collaborate on designs for Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
InternationalA second expedition from Scotland arrives at its newly established colony, Darien, south of Panama. Financed by the Company of Scotland, backed by John Hay, Scotland's Lord Chancellor, the disastrous Darien venture was Scotland's attempt in mercantilism to alleviate the country from a period rife with famine.
- Portrait of the Day: Sir Isaac Newton
22 May, 12:30