by William Faithorne, after William Sheppard
line engraving, published 1664 (1650)
10 3/4 in. x 7 in. (272 mm x 178 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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Events of 1664back to top
Current affairsThe Coventicle Act, a component of the Clarendon Code, is enacted by Parliament forbidding non-conformist conventicles.The Admiral's Regiment, precursor to the Royal Marines, meets for the first time as part of the mobilisation for war with the Dutch.
Art and sciencePlaywright, Thomas Killigrew, stages his best-known play, The Parson's Wedding with an all-female cast. After the Restoration, women were permitted to take to the stage as actors. Construction of the Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford begins. Designed by architect, Christopher Wren, the building is funded Archbishop Sheldon.
InternationalMounting pressure for war with England's trading rival, Holland, increases as the two countries clash over trading interests around the world. Thomas Clifford, Baron Clifford, passionately champions the cause for war, becoming a leading voice in a bellicose parliament which promises an unprecedented grant towards the conflict.