© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by John Chamberlaine, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving printed in colours, published 1 April 1795 (1532)
11 1/4 in. x 9 in. (285 mm x 228 mm) plate size; 15 1/8 in. x 12 1/8 in. (383 mm x 307 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
George, Prince of Wales is forced to marry Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, despite having secretly married Maria Fitzherbert in 1785.Widespread rioting prompts the introduction of the Speenhamland system of welfare supplements which are linked to the price of bread.Treasonable Practices Act is passed against open criticism of government.
Art and science
The MP Matthew Gregory 'Monk' Lewis publishes his notorious gothic novel The Monk
to success and scandal because of its immoral content.Mungo Park explores the course of the River Niger.
Wolfe Tone, founder of The Society of United Irishmen, departs for America after being implicated in high treason in Ireland. Exiled in Philadelphia, he soon leaves for France to ask revolutionaries for assistance.Joseph Haydn composes the English Canzonettas
during his second stay in London.