Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke
by and published by Edward Harding, after William Hoare Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1 September 1800 (1763)
12 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (328 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Edward Harding (1755-1840), Engraver, publisher and librarian to Queen Charlotte. Artist associated with 184 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Hoare (1707-1792), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- NPG D14207: Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (from same plate)
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.