© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans
after Claude Mellan Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1650s
7 5/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. (193 mm x 132 mm) plate size; 7 3/4 in. x 5 3/8 in. (197 mm x 135 mm) paper size
- Claude Mellan (1598-1688), Engraver. Artist associated with 22 portraits.
Exiled Charles, Prince of Wales, holds negotiations in the Netherlands, with the Scottish Parliament to secure an alliance. Despite misgivings on both sides, and pressure from the Scots for Charles to sign the covenants, the treaty of Breda is agreed. Oliver Cromwell defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.
Art and science
Poet and politician, Andrew Marvell, composes his greatest political poem, Horatian Ode
upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland. Marvell become Oliver Cromwell's unofficial poet laureate during the Protectorate.
William, The Prince of Orange, grandson of Charles I, is born assuming the title from the moment of birth. Forty years later, he would become William III of England. General-at-Sea, Robert Blake is dispatched to Portugal to prevent attacks on Commonwealth merchant shipping from royalist, Prince Rupert, based in Lisbon.