© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran
by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1707
12 1/4 in. x 7 1/8 in. (310 mm x 182 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- NPG D25176: James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran (from same plate)
- NPG D35258: James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran (from same plate)
The Acts of Union unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one sovereign state, Great Britain, and merges the parliaments of both states. Presiding over the negotiations for the union was the Lord Chancellor, William Cowper and Lord Seafield, Scottish Lord Chancellor.
Art and science
Antiquary, Humphrey Wanley, helps 're-found' the Society of Antiquaries which first meets at the Bear Tavern in the Strand. Originally established in 1586, it ceased to meet soon after the accession of James I.
Following failure to capture Toulon, Admiral Cloudesley Shovell's flagship 'Association' is shipwrecked in the Isles of Scilly, drowning her entire crew. Hispano-French army, led by James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick overwhelmingly defeat British forces under Henri de Massue de Ruvigny at Almanza, a defining battle in war against France.