© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Willem Jacobsz Delff, after Daniel Mytens Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1625-1683
16 3/4 in. x 12 1/4 in. (427 mm x 310 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), Queen of Charles I. Sitter associated with 87 portraits.
- Willem Jacobsz Delff (1580-1638), Painter, engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 23 portraits.
- Daniel Mytens (circa 1590-1647), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 52 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
James I dies at Theobalds Palace, Hertfordshire and the Prince of Wales becomes Charles I. Charles's queen, Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France, arrives in Dover escorted by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. The court moves to Oxford temporarily due to an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
Art and science
Under the patronage of the queen, a new theatre company is formed, the Queen Henrietta's Men. Richard Perkins is a founding member.
Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon, is recommended by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham to command a naval expedition to Spain. Though some Spanish ships were captured, Wimbledon failed to destroy Cadiz where most of the Spanish fleet was moored. Treaty of The Hague is signed between England and the Dutch Empire.