© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland
by Samuel William Reynolds, after John Raphael Smith Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1806
12 7/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (326 mm x 248 mm) plate size; 15 in. x 11 1/2 in. (382 mm x 291 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Samuel William Reynolds (1773-1835), Mezzotint engraver and painter. Artist associated with 628 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Portrait painter, engraver and pastellist. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
William Pitt dies in January and his lifelong opponent Charles James Fox dies in September. Pitt is succeeded by William Wyndham, Baron Grenville, who forms the 'Ministry of all the Talents' coalition .Prince of Wales instigates the 'Delicate Investigation'; a Parliamentary enquiry into claims that his wife Caroline had an illegitimate child.
Art and science
John Constable embarks on a formative tour of the Lakes and makes landscape studies of the Langdale Pikes and Helvellyn.Turner exhibits his Thames views to acclaim at his own London gallery.Humphrey Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium by passing an electrical current through molten compounds.
Soprano Angelica Catalani arrives from Italy to make her London debut, amazing audiences with her showpiece arias.Napoleon turns his forces east against Austria, Russia and Prussia and enjoys a wave of French victories.British attack on Buenos Aires under General William Beresford fails.