© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince Charles Edward Stuart
by John Simon Click on the links below to find out more
12 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (312 mm x 207 mm) plate size; 12 3/4 in. x 8 5/8 in. (325 mm x 220 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
Secession Church formed in Scotland.Widespread fraud and abuses in the customs service revealed. Prime Minister Robert Walpole responds with the Excise scheme, under which the tariff on wine and tobacco is to be replaced by an excise tax. British Hat Act limits manufacturing in the British colonies, forcing colonists to buy imported British-made goods.
Art and science
Frederick, Prince of Wales attends a fancy-dress ball at Vauxhall Gardens, initiating its supremacy as London's most fashionable meeting place.William Hogarth produces the first prints of A Harlot's Progress
, having completed the painted series the previous year. The original Covent Garden Theatre Royal (now the Royal Opera House) opens.
Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn is born.Georgia in the American colonies is granted to a group of British philanthropists, to give debtors a new start in life.