© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Henry Cousins, published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co, after Charles Robert Leslie Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1 July 1842
17 5/8 in. x 13 5/8 in. (448 mm x 345 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- William Howley (1766-1848), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 24 portraits.
- Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co (active 1830-1890), Printsellers and publishers. Artist associated with 90 portraits.
- Henry Cousins (1809-1864), Engraver; brother of Samuel Cousins. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- Charles Robert Leslie (1794-1859), Painter and writer. Artist associated with 21 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.