© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Isaac Newton
by and published by John Simon, after Sir James Thornhill Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (352 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Mathematical scientist. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- Sir James Thornhill (1675 or 1676-1734), Father-in-law of William Hogarth, decorative painter and politician; MP for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. Artist associated with 23 portraits, Sitter associated with 14 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.