© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), possibly after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1684
17 5/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (448 mm x 273 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Queen Anne (1665-1714), Reigned 1702-14. Sitter associated with 73 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc) (1649-1697), Engraver. Artist associated with 76 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
James, Duke of York's influence grows within Charles II's government; the Admiralty commission is abolished, allowing James to resume his role as lord admiral, in all but name. A new generation of Tories, supporters of James are bestowed with influential roles, including Sir George Jeffreys, recently appointed Lord Chief Justice.
Art and science
Italian decorative artist, Antonio Verrio, is appointed 'principal Gardiner and Surveyor' to the King. Author, John Bunyan, publishes the second part of his Pilgrim's Progress
Luxembourg surrenders to French forces. Renewed fighting between the French Bourbons and the Spanish Habsburgs had broken out the year before when French troops laid seize to Luxembourg and entered the Spanish Netherlands. Charles II rejects Spanish demands for assistance, determined to remain detached from the conflict.