Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough

1 portrait of Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough

Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough, by Jacobus Houbraken, published by  John & Paul Knapton, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, 1745 - NPG D16553 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
14 1/4 in. x 9 in. (361 mm x 228 mm) paper size
Reference Collection
NPG D16553

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Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 433 portraits.
  • John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D16554: Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
  • NPG D27374: Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
  • NPG D27367: Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)
  • NPG D38239: Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough (from same plate)

Events of 1745back to top

Current affairs

Second Jacobite Rebellion: the Young Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart ('Bonnie Prince Charlie') lands in Scotland and proclaims his father king. Jacobite forces take Edinburgh and march into England as far as Derby but are forced to turn back due to lack of support. The song later to become the British national anthem, God Save the King, is first performed at the Drury Lane Theatre in London in a setting by Thomas Arne.

Art and science

William Hogarth completes the six paintings of Marriage-à-la-Mode, his satirical take on upper-class eighteenth-century society. West towers of Westminster Abbey are completed Satirical writer Jonathan Swift dies.


War of the Austrian Succession: the French army defeat Austrian, Dutch and British forces under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Fontenoy. Madame de Pompadour becomes mistress to Louis XV of France. Principle of the Leyden jar is discovered by German physicist, Ewald Georg von Kleist. Artist Giovanni Batista Piranesi publishes the first of his Vedute (Views); a celebrated series of etchings of Rome.

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