1 portrait of Voltaire
by Stanislas Jean, Marquis de Boufflers
10 5/8 in. x 9 1/4 in. (269 mm x 236 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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Sitterback to top
- Voltaire (François Marie Arouet) (1694-1778), Writer, satirist, philosopher and historian. Sitter in 6 portraits.
Events of 1765back to top
Current affairsGeorge Grenville is dismissed as Prime Minister. He is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.
Isle of Man is brought under British control.
Stamp Act requires that printed materials in the colonies, such as legal documents and newspapers, are produced on paper made in London carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Art and scienceNevil Maskelyne becomes Astronomer Royal.
Writer Samuel Johnson publishes his edition of Shakespeare.
Inventor James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine by constructing a model with a separate condenser.
Judge and politician William Blackstone publishes his influential work Commentaries on the Laws of England.
InternationalRobert Clive secures the rights for the East India Company to collect taxes in Bengal from Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.
American campaigners against the Stamp Act organise themselves as the Sons of Liberty in Massachusetts and New York.