© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Stanislas Jean, Marquis de Boufflers Click on the links below to find out more
10 5/8 in. x 9 1/4 in. (269 mm x 236 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
George Grenville is dismissed as Prime Minister. He is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.Isle of Man is brought under British control. Stamp Act requires that printed materials in the colonies, such as legal documents and newspapers, are produced on paper made in London carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Art and science
Nevil Maskelyne becomes Astronomer Royal.Writer Samuel Johnson publishes his edition of Shakespeare. Inventor James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine by constructing a model with a separate condenser.Judge and politician William Blackstone publishes his influential work Commentaries on the Laws of England
Robert Clive secures the rights for the East India Company to collect taxes in Bengal from Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.American campaigners against the Stamp Act organise themselves as the Sons of Liberty in Massachusetts and New York.