© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Charles Picart, after Richard Westmacott Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, circa 1800-1825
14 1/8 in. x 11 1/4 in. (360 mm x 287 mm) plate size; 17 5/8 in. x 13 3/4 in. (449 mm x 348 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Richard Cosway (1742-1821), Miniature painter. Sitter in 15 portraits, Artist associated with 96 portraits.
- Charles Picart (circa 1780-circa 1837), Engraver, draughtsman and painter. Artist associated with 118 portraits.
- Richard Westmacott (1799-1872), Sculptor; son of Sir Richard Westmacott. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.