© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Edward VI
by Simon de Passe Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, published 1620
6 1/4 in. x 4 3/4 in. (159 mm x 122 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- King Edward VI (1537-1553), Reigned 1547-53. Sitter associated with 47 portraits.
- Simon de Passe (1595-1647), Engraver. Artist associated with 202 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The beginning of a severe economic depression in England is widely blamed on the East India Company whose export of bullion on each voyage financed their trade. Additionally, despite efforts by Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, to reduce the royal household's expenditure, James I's debt is historically high.
Art and science
Francis Bacon publishes his major philosophical work Novum Organum
, which presents his account of the correct method of acquiring natural knowledge using inductive reasoning. Inventor and mechanical engineer, Cornelis Drebbel builds an early type of submarine which he demonstrates on the Thames.
The Catholic League's invasion of Bohemia and victory at the battle of the White Mountain, forces Frederick V, king of Bohemia and his family into exile in the Hague, after less than a year reigning.The Pilgrim Fathers sail for America in the 'Mayflower', escaping religious persecution in England.