4 of 14 portraits of Thomas Gray
by Johann Sebastian Müller, after John Giles Eccardt
line engraving, 1753 (1747-1748)
12 in. x 9 1/2 in. (305 mm x 240 mm) plate size; 12 3/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (313 mm x 247 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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Events of 1753back to top
Current affairsAfter a month's absence, servant Elizabeth Canning returns to her mother's house claiming that she was abducted. The following trial causes uproar and becomes one of the most famous criminal mysteries of the century.
Hardwicke's Marriage Act (named after its champion Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke) is passed, aimed at preventing clandestine marriages.
Art and scienceArtist Joshua Reynolds establishes his portrait practice in London.
Swiss painter and pastellist Jean-Etienne Liotard arrives in London where he enjoys great success until his departure in 1756.
InternationalGeorge Washington undertakes a difficult and ineffectual journey to persuade the French to withdraw from the Ohio valley.
First steam engine arrives in the American colonies.
First official celebration of St Patrick's Day on 17 March, organised by the Charitable Irish Society in Boston.
Britain, Austria and Modena sign a secret military treaty.