14 of 15 portraits of James Cook
by and published by John Keyse Sherwin, published by Robert Wilkinson, after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
line engraving, published 1 August 1784
11 3/4 in. x 10 1/4 in. (300 mm x 260 mm) plate size; 13 1/4 in. x 11 1/2 in. (337 mm x 292 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
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Artistsback to top
- Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) (1735-1811), Painter. Artist associated with 62 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Keyse Sherwin (1751-1790), Draughtsman and engraver. Artist associated with 50 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Robert Wilkinson (active 1767-1827), Publisher. Artist associated with 60 portraits.
Related worksback to top
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Events of 1784back to top
Current affairsTheatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours.
Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and scienceAeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.
Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air reveals the composition of water.
Writer Samuel Johnson dies.
Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
InternationalThomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country.
Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence.
William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.