© National Portrait Gallery, London
King James I of England and VI of Scotland
by Thomas de Leu Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1590-1612
5 1/8 in. x 3 1/4 in. (130 mm x 81 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
King James VI of Scotland brings his wife Anne of Denmark to Edinburgh for her coronation at Holyrood Abbey.Death of Walsingham, Queen Elizabeth I's Principal Secretary and spymaster.The colonial governor John White returns to Roanoke Island (in present day North Carolina, USA) to find the settlement deserted. The lost colonists include his granddaughter Virginia Dare, the first English child to be born in America.
Art and science
The courtier, poet and soldier Sir Philip Sidney's pastoral romance Arcadia
is published posthumously. It is one of the first English vernacular works to achieve a European readership, with translations into French, German, Dutch and Italian. The poet and administrator Edmund Spenser publishes the first three books of The Faerie Queene
, an epic allegorical poem in praise of Queen Elizabeth I.
Henry IV of France defeats the Catholic League under Charles, Duke of Mayenne at the Battle of Ivry. The King marches on Paris before being driven back by Catholic forces sent by Philip II of Spain. Abbas I, Shah of Persia makes peace with the Ottoman Empire, allowing him to campaign agaist the Uzbeks. Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats the Hojo clan at the Siege of Odawara, Japan. The victory completes Hideyoshi's military reunification of Japan.