© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
line and stipple engraving, 1703
6 1/8 in. x 5 5/8 in. (157 mm x 144 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1682 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- NPG D16644: John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (from same plate)
A great storm ravages southern England killing thousands at sea and wrecking several naval warships along the coast.The Scottish Parliament passes a Bill of Security stipulating that the successor to the Scottish throne is Protestant, descended from Scottish kings. It is vetoed by the English Parliament.
Art and science
Scholarly church historian, William Wake, publishes The State of the Church and Clergy of England
, a history of English synods since Anglo-Saxon times. Sailing and Fighting Instructions for her Majesty's Fleet
, by Admiral George Rooke provides the basis for English fleet tactics throughout the century.
Diplomat, John Methuen, negotiates commercial treaties between England and Portugal to facilitate trading relations. Portugal enters the grand alliance against France in the War of the Spanish Succession.