© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
by Adolf van der Laan, after Adriaen van der Werff Click on the links below to find out more
etching, early 18th century
5 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in. (147 mm x 84 mm) plate size; 6 1/4 in. x 3 3/4 in. (158 mm x 95 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Adolf van der Laan (circa 1690-1742), Etcher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Adriaen van der Werff (1659-1722), Painter, draughtsman, mezzotint engraver and architect. Artist associated with 90 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.