© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
by Willem Jacobsz Delff, after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, published 1626
16 1/2 in. x 11 5/8 in. (420 mm x 295 mm) plate size; 17 5/8 in. x 12 5/8 in. (448 mm x 322 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Coronation of Charles I. The queen, Henrietta Maria, does not attend the service, refusing to accept the crown in an Anglican service. Parliament refuses to grant the king subsidies for war without redress of various grievances concerning religious issues, and the impeachment of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.
Art and science
Two works by Francis Bacon, Viscount of St. Albans, Sylva sylvarum
, a compilation of articles of Bacon's own observations and experiments, and the New Atlantis
, a brief tract describing an isolated, utopian society, are published posthumously in the same volume by his personal secretary, William Rawley.
France and England slide towards war as diplomatic relations begin to break down. Charles I deports his queen's French entourage believing some to be spies, while the king of France, Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu, deceitfully uses loaned English ships to fight Huguenots rebels.