© National Portrait Gallery, London
by C. Widder, after Peter Vandyke Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 18th century
7 1/8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (180 mm x 136 mm) plate size; 10 7/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (275 mm x 207 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Milton (1608-1674), Poet. Sitter associated with 72 portraits.
- Peter Vandyke (1729-1799), Painter. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- C. Widder (active 18th century), Engraver. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.