© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry, Prince of Wales
by Simon de Passe, published by Compton Holland Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, published 1612
11 1/8 in. x 7 5/8 in. (281 mm x 195 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Simon de Passe (1595-1647), Engraver. Artist associated with 202 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Compton Holland (died 1622), Print publisher. Artist associated with 43 portraits.
Aged 18, Henry, Prince of Wales dies suddenly, probably from typhoid, sparking widespread mourning throughout the country, and abroad. James I's second son, Charles, becomes heir apparent. Edward Wightman, a Baptist and alleged heretic, is the last person to be burnt at the stake in England.
Art and science
The literary world memorialises Henry, Prince of Wales after his death. Among those who lamented the loss of the popular prince were John Donne and Sir Walter Ralegh. Thomas Shelton's English translation of the first half of Don Quixote
is published, the first translation of the novel into any language.
The betrothal of James I's daughter, Princess Elizabeth, to Frederick, elector palatine, strengthens the Protestant union made between England and German princes under Frederick, concluded earlier in the year.East India Company claims victory against the Portuguese in the Battle of Swally off the coast of Suvali, India.