© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Caroline Watson, published by John Boydell, published by Josiah Boydell, after Gilbert Stuart Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1786 (circa 1785)
8 5/8 in. x 6 3/8 in. (219 mm x 163 mm) plate size; 10 1/4 in. x 7 5/8 in. (259 mm x 195 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Benjamin West (1738-1820), History painter and President of the Royal Academy. Sitter associated with 43 portraits, Artist associated with 39 portraits.
- John Boydell (1720-1804), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 127 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
- Josiah Boydell (1752-1817), Artist and publisher. Artist associated with 66 portraits.
- Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828), Painter. Artist associated with 60 portraits.
- Caroline Watson (1760 or 1761-1814), Printmaker. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised. Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year. Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.
Art and science
Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country. Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting. Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.
General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India. Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna. Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.