© National Portrait Gallery, London
by George Vertue, after Gilbert Soest Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, engraved 1730
10 3/8 in. x 8 7/8 in. (263 mm x 227 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Samuel Butler (1612-1680), Author of 'Hudibras'. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- Gilbert Soest (circa 1605-1681), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 51 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- George Vertue (1683-1756), Engraver and antiquary. Artist associated with 853 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
John and Charles Wesley form a Holy Club at Oxford which becomes the cradle of Methodism.Glasite sect, which promoted a form of primitive Christianity, established in Scotland by John Glas.Last native roe deer in England is reputedly killed in Northumberland.
Art and science
French sculptor Louis-Francois Roubiliac settles in London from Paris. The Daily Advertiser
is established as the first newspaper funded by advertising.Mathematician and inventor John Hadley invents the octant, a navigating device which precedes the sextant.
Frederick, Crown Prince of Prussia, tries to flee to Britain but is imprisoned by his father Frederick William I.Pope Clement XII succeeds Benedict XIII as the 246th pope. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius observes the aurora borealis and suggests the existence of the earth's magnetic field.