© National Portrait Gallery, London
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
by William Say, published by Marseille Middleton Holloway, after James Northcote Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 2 November 1840
15 1/8 in. x 11 in. (384 mm x 280 mm) plate size; 17 5/8 in. x 13 1/4 in. (448 mm x 338 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Marseille Middleton Holloway (circa 1820-1881), Printseller. Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- James Northcote (1746-1831), Painter; pupil and biographer of Sir Joshua Reynolds. Artist associated with 103 portraits, Sitter associated with 23 portraits.
- William Say (1768-1834), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 261 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D32122: Samuel Taylor Coleridge (from same plate)
Victoria marries her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; he is given the title of Prince Consort. The Penny Black stamp is introduced by Rowland Hill; the first pre-paid, self-adhesive stamp, it marks the start of the modern postal system.The start of the Irish potato famine, which by the time of its peak in 1851, had caused the deaths of one million, and contributed to the sharp rise of emigration from Ireland to England and America.
Art and science
Beau Brummel, the fashion leader responsible for sparking the culture of 'Dandyism', dies of syphilis.The first stone is laid on the new Houses of Parliament, based on the gothic designs by the architects Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin. The old buildings had burned down in 1834, following a blaze caused by burning wooden tallies used by the Exchequer to calculate tax.
The Afghans surrender to Britain during the Afghan-British war (1839-42). The war was sparked by British fear over Russian influence in Afghanistan, with the British East India Company resolving to depose the Afghan leader, Dost Muhammad, who was insistent on Afghan independence, and restore the former leader Shoja Shah. The Maoris yield sovereignty of New Zealand under Treaty of Waitangi.