© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Jones, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 17 January 1786 (1785)
15 in. x 11 in. (380 mm x 278 mm) plate size; 15 3/4 in. x 11 3/4 in. (401 mm x 298 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- James Boswell (1740-1795), Biographer of Dr Johnson. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- John Jones (circa 1745-1797), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 91 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised. Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year. Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.
Art and science
Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country. Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting. Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.
General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India. Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna. Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.