© National Portrait Gallery, London
after John Michael Wright Click on the links below to find out more
watercolour, (circa 1668-1670)
8 3/8 in. x 6 7/8 in. (212 mm x 175 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- John Lacy (circa 1615-1681), Playwright and actor. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- NPG D37127: John Lacy in 3 of his roles (based on same portrait)
An illicit affair between George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham and beauty, Anna Maria, Countess of Shrewsbury, leads to a notorious duel during which Villiers mortally wounds Shrewsbury's husband, Francis Talbot. William Penn, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, is imprisoned after producing pamphlets advocating Quakerism.
Art and science
Writer, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle republishes her science fiction work, The Description of a New World, called the Blazing-World
, as a separate edition, originally published as an appendix to her Observations upon Experimental Philosophy
, (1666). Poet John Dryden is appointed poet laureate.
Diplomat and writer, Sir William Temple, negotiates the Triple Alliance between England, Holland and Sweden to protect the Spanish Netherlands from French expansion during the War of Devolution. The union ultimately forces Louis XIV to sign the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and retreat from the Habsburg-controlled Netherlands.