Sir Joseph Banks, Bt
by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1834 (1771-1772)
9 in. x 6 1/2 in. (230 mm x 164 mm) plate size; 12 3/4 in. x 10 1/8 in. (324 mm x 257 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- Samuel William Reynolds (1773-1835), Mezzotint engraver and painter. Artist associated with 628 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG 5868: Sir Joseph Banks, Bt (after)
- NPG D621: Sir Joseph Banks, Bt (from same plate)
- NPG D14060: Sir Joseph Banks, Bt (from same plate)
Sir Robert Peel, Tory, replaces Whig Lord Melbourne as Prime Minister, promising measured reform in a shift from reactionary 'Tory' to more measured 'Conservative' politics (he had voted for the 1832 Reform Act).Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs
, six labourers transported to Australia after trying to raise funds for workers in need by forming a Friendly Society.
Art and science
Charles Babbage's invents the Analytic Machine. Considered to be the forerunner to the modern computer, the machine was able to make automatic mathematical calculations. Edward Bulwer-Lytton publishes his hugely popular, but now largely neglected, novel Last Days of Pompeii
, set in the Italian city at the time of Mount Vesuvius' eruption in 79AD.
Dom Miguel I, King of Portugal, is defeated by his brother Pedro IV, in the Portuguese civil war. Slavery is abolished in the British dominions, although slaves still working are indentured to their former owners in an 'apprenticeship' system; the philanthropist Joseph Sturge was a prominent critic of the policy, which was abolished in 1838. Whilst slave owners received compensation, slaves received nothing.