© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Augustin de Saint-Aubin, after Charles Nicolas Cochin Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1764
7 7/8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (200 mm x 137 mm) plate size; 11 in. x 7 1/2 in. (278 mm x 192 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Thomas Walpole (1727-1803), Politician and banker. Sitter in 2 portraits.
Radical John Wilkes publishes his pornographic parody of Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man
; An Essay on Woman
. Parliament moves to expel him once again but Wilkes flees to Paris. He is found guilty of obscene and seditious libel in his absence and declared an outlaw. Sugar Act levies duty on sugar, wine and textiles imported into America while the Currency Act prohibits the American colonies from issuing paper currency in any form.
Art and science
8-year old composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart arrives in London with his family as part of a European tour and amazes British audiences. Artist William Hogarth dies in London.Connoisseur and collector Horace Walpole publishes The Castle of Otranto
; regarded as the first gothic novel.Lancashire weaver James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny.
Catherine the Great founds the Hermitage as a court museum attached to the Winter Palace in St Petersburg.Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim increasingly independent of the British and rebuilds Bengal's army. He captures the British garrison at Patna and executes his hostages. British forces are victorious at the decisive Battle of Buxar. Mir Qasim flees into exile in Delhi where he later dies. Jesuits are expelled from France.