© National Portrait Gallery, London
Infanta Eulalia of Spain, Duchess of Galliera
by Alice Hughes Click on the links below to find out more
platinotype on photographer's card, 1898
5 7/8 in. x 4 in. (149 mm x 101 mm)
Given by Terence Pepper, 1993
- Princess Eulalia of Orleans (1864-1958), Wife of Prince Anthony of Orleans; daughter of Isabella II, Queen of Spain. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Alice Hughes (1857-1939). Artist associated with 42 portraits.
The UK Parliament passes the Irish Local Government Act, which establishes a mixed system of local government in Ireland similar to that in Great Britain, notably creating new, directly elected county councils, and extending the electoral franchise to include all male householders and occupiers. Charles Pelham Villiers, Britain's longest-serving Member of Parliament, dies. Villiers entered Parliament in 1835 as Liberal MP for Wolverhampton.
Art and science
The French physicists Pierre and Marie Curie discover the strongly radioactive elements polonium and radium, paving the way for cancer therapy and nuclear physics. H.G. Wells's highly influential science fiction novellaThe War of the World
is published, describing an invasion of England by aliens from Mars.
The Spanish-American war takes place after Spain fails to meet America's demands to peacefully resolve the Cuban fight for independence. America secures victory after a series of quick naval and military victories in the Philippines and Cuba. Later this year, the Treaty of Paris gives the US ownership of the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam, the US also taking control of Cuba, ending the uprising and granting independence.