© National Portrait Gallery, London
King James I of England and VI of Scotland
by Crispijn de Passe the Elder Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, published 1598
5 3/8 in. x 3 3/4 in. (135 mm x 95 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Death of William Cecil, Lord Burghley. His son, Sir Robert Cecil (later Earl of Salisbury), replaces him as the dominant statesman of the age. Battle of Yellow Ford: A force of Irish Catholic rebels under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone routs the English army in Ireland.Following raids on Dublin, Queen Elizabeth I is granted a loan from the City to finance troops in Ireland under Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex.
Art and science
The playwright Ben Jonson writes the comedy Every Man in his Humour
.William Shakespeare writes Much Ado about Nothing
. The historian John Stowe publishes A Survey of London
, a unique account of the architecture, living conditions and society of Elizabethan London.
Henry IV of France passes the Edict of Nantes. Huguenots are granted freedom of worship and political equality with Catholics. The edict concludes the French Wars of Religion. The Treaty of Vervins ends war between Henry IV of France and Philip II of Spain. Spanish forces leave France and Calais is returned to the French.Death of Philip II of Spain. Death of Feodor I, Tsar of Russia. His brother-in-law Boris Godunov seizes the throne.