by Michael Vandergucht Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1713
6 3/8 in. x 3 3/4 in. (162 mm x 96 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- Henry Ireton (1611-1651), Parliamentary general. Sitter associated with 17 portraits.
An ailing Queen Anne is unable to attend a thanksgiving ceremony at St. Paul's in July to celebrate the treaty of Utrecht, attended by both Houses of Parliament in full state. John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, on self-imposed exile on the continent, is joined by his wife, Sarah Churchill.
Art and science
Literary fraternity, the Scriblerus Club is founded. Consisting of satirists, including Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope and Thomas Parnell, the club ridiculed current trends in scholarship and culture through the fictitious literary character, Martinus Scriblerus. Joseph Addison's play, Cato
, premieres at Drury Lane and becomes an immediate success.
Treaty of Utrecht, principally conceived by Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Henry, St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, ends the War of the Spanish Succession against France. The accord establishes Bourbon, Philip d'Anjou, on the Spanish throne, with provisos, and forces Louis XIV to recognise a Hanoverian succession in Britain.