© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Godby, published by John Lee, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, early 19th century
9 3/8 in. x 7 5/8 in. (238 mm x 194 mm) plate size; 10 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (277 mm x 232 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- James Godby (active 1790-1815), Printmaker. Artist associated with 44 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
- John Lee (active early 19th century), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.