© National Portrait Gallery, London
Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland
after William Faithorne, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
ink and wash, circa 1660-1680
14 in. x 10 5/8 in. (355 mm x 270 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 716 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
The Convention Parliament and Lords proclaim Charles II king after he issues a declaration from Breda offering an indemnity to those who had committed crimes against the crown during the civil war and Interregnum. Charles lands at Dover from The Hague on 25th May to great pomp and ceremony.
Art and science
Diarist Samuel Pepys starts his diary on 1st January, writing in shorthand. The diary became a unique social document, opening with a brief summary of his domestic situation and the political background. Dutch portrait painter, Peter Lely, is appointed principle painter to Charles II.Official foundation of the Royal Society.
The Anglo-Spanish War, begun by Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, formally ends after the restoration of the British monarchy and peace is made with Philip IV of Spain.