© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
by Henry Bone, after John De Critz the Elder Click on the links below to find out more
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, December 1812
10 7/8 in. x 8 1/4 in. (277 mm x 208 mm)
acquired Sir George Scharf, 1890
- Henry Bone (1755-1834), Enamel painter. Artist associated with 677 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- John De Critz the Elder (circa 1550-1642). Artist associated with 9 portraits.
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt named John Bellingham. A new administration is formed under Lord Liverpool.The Toleration Act is passed giving greater freedom of worship to dissenters in order to ensure their political loyalty.
Art and science
Actress Sarah Siddons retires from the London stage. Her final appearance is as Lady Macbeth, the role that made her famous, but the performance has to end after the sleepwalking scene because of the fervour of the audience.Building of Regent's Canal begins under John Rennie.
United States declares war on Britain over grievances arising from British naval conduct in the French wars. American plan for attack on Canada fails and British troops under Sir Edward Pakenham force surrender of Detroit.Wellington defeats French at Salamanca and enters Madrid.Napoleon leads France in disastrous Russian campaign.