© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton
by Henry Bone, after Michiel Jansz. van Miereveldt Click on the links below to find out more
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, December 1813
10 3/8 in. x 8 in. (265 mm x 202 mm)
acquired Sir George Scharf, 1890
Machine breaking Luddite Riots end with seventeen executions in York. Radical John Cartwright's subsequent tour of the manufacturing districts has some success in quelling Luddite discontent with the foundation of the Hampden reform club network across the country. East India Company is deprived of monopoly over trade with India.
Art and science
Millenarian prophet Joanna Southcott, made famous by her visions of the second coming of Christ, announces herself 'with child' by the Holy Ghost.Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice
Victorious Battle of St Pierre near Bayonne led by General Rowland Hill. Battle of Leipzig ends in defeat for Napoleon. Wellington's victory at Vittoria leads to British invasion of Southern France.Americans capture and burn Toronto, defeat British in Battle of Lake Erie and recapture Detroit.