© National Portrait Gallery, London
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours
by Richard James Lane, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter Click on the links below to find out more
lithograph, 1841 (1840)
16 in. x 12 3/4 in. (405 mm x 325 mm) paper size
Given by Austin Lane Poole, 1956
- Richard James Lane (1800-1872), Sculptor and lithographer. Artist associated with 1178 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Franz Xaver Winterhalter (1805-1873), Painter. Artist associated with 67 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D22148: Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours (from same plate)
- Place made: France (Paris, France)
Sir Robert Peel's second term as Prime Minister. Peel replaces the Whig Prime Minister Lord Melbourne after a Conservative general election victory. The English comic periodical Punch
is first published, under the auspices of engraver Ebenezer Landells and writer Henry Mayhew, and quickly establishes itself as a radical commentary on the arts, politics and current affairs, notable for its heavily satirised cartoons.
Art and science
Thomas Carlyle publishes his set of lectures On Heroes and Hero Worship
, in which he attempts to connect past heroic figures to significant figures form the present. William Henry Fox Talbot invents the calotype process, in which photographs were developed from negatives. This allowed for multiple copies of images to be made, and was the basis of modern, pre-digital, photographic processing.
Signing of the Straits Convention, an international agreement between Britain, France, Prussia, Austria, Russia and Turkey, denying access to non-Ottoman warships through the seas connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Seas, a major concession by Russia. Whilst signalling a spirit of co-operation, the convention emphasises the decline of the Ottoman Empire.