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Queen Mary I

9 of 49 portraits of Queen Mary I

Queen Mary I, after Unknown artist, 1554 or after - NPG D17821 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Mary I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1554 or after
5 1/2 in. x 4 1/4 in. (141 mm x 107 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D17821


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Sitterback to top

  • Queen Mary I (1516-1558), Reigned 1553-58; daughter of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.

Artistback to top

Events of 1554back to top

Current affairs

Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger leads a rebellion against the Catholic Queen Mary. 4,000 men march from Kent to London, where the rebellion is crushed and Wyatt executed. Princess Elizabeth is imprisoned in the Tower of London, but found innocent of treason. Lady Jane Grey is executed. Queen Mary I marries Philip of Spain at Winchester. Parliament passes the Second Act of Repeal reuniting the English and Roman Catholic Churches.

Art and science

Gerlach Flicke paints the earliest surviving self-portrait in oils produced in England. The Italian architect Andrea Palladio published L'Antichita di Roma (The Antiquities of Rome), which remains the standard text on the subject for 300 years.

International

Battle of Marciano - Sienese-French forces defeated by a Florentine-Imperial army. The defeat leads to the end of Siena's independence from Florence. The Portuguese Jesuit Manoel de Nobrega founds São Paulo, the first European settlement in inland Brazil.

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