© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)
by James Basire, after Giovanni Battista Cipriani Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1767
7 1/2 in. x 6 1/2 in. (192 mm x 164 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- James Basire (1730-1802), Engraver. Artist associated with 85 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Giovanni Battista Cipriani (1727-1785), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 28 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- NPG D31912: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (from same plate)
Birth of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and father of Queen Victoria. Chancellor, Charles Townshend, passes a series of acts - the 'Townshend Duties' - taxing all glass, lead, paint, paper and tea imported into the American colonies.Work begins on Edinburgh's New Town, to the design of the 23-year-old architect James Craig.
Art and science
Josiah Spode establishes the Spode pottery manufactory at Stoke-on-Trent.Philosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley publishes The History and Present State of Electricity
. First annual Nautical Almanac is produced by Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne, allowing mariners to find their longitude while at sea, using tables of lunar distances.
'Townshend Duties' cause uproar in America.First Anglo-Mysore War breaks out between between the Sultanate of Mysore Hyder Ali and the East India Company.Jesuits are expelled from Spain. Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon complete a four-year survey to establish the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland; the Mason-Dixon line.