1 portrait of Thomas Carlyle
by Robert Scott Tait
salt print on cream card mount, 1855
5 1/8 in. x 4 in. (130 mm x 102 mm) overall
Given by Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes, 1947
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Sitterback to top
- Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), Historian and essayist. Sitter associated with 81 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Robert Scott Tait (1816-1897), Painter and photographer. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
Events of 1855back to top
Current affairsPalmerston becomes Prime Minister, leading a coalition government after Lord Aberdeen loses a vote of confidence over his handling of the Crimean war. Known by the nickname 'Lord Pumicestone' for his abrasive style, Palmerston is the oldest prime minister in history to take up the post for the first time at the age of 71.Stamp duty on newspapers is abolished, creating the mass media market in the UK as newspapers became more widely and cheaply available.
Art and scienceFollowing a trip through the Holy Land to the Dead Sea, William Holman Hunt begins his symbolically-laden painting The Scapegoat. John Millais marries Effie Gray, previously John Ruskin's wife, after their marriage was annulled that year. The social theorist and sociologist Herbert Spencer and philosopher G. H. Lewes, publishes Principles of Pyschology, exploring a physiological basis to psychology.
InternationalThe Fall of Sebastopol in the Crimean war, as Russia retreats, and the exhaustion of the Turkish alliance means the war nears its end. Despite being rebuffed by Florence Nightingale's team of nurses, Jamaican-born nurse Mary Seacole travels to the Crimea, opening a 'British Hotel' for sick and injured soldiers. She gains significant attention and praise for her nursing work.