© National Portrait Gallery, London
Monument of John Ashburnham Esq..re and his two wives
by Eugenio H. Latilla, published by William Pickering, after W.S. Wilkinson Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1842
17 5/8 in. x 11 3/4 in. (448 mm x 300 mm) plate size; 21 in. x 14 3/4 in. (534 mm x 375 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Eugenio H. Latilla (circa 1800-after 1859), Painter. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- William Pickering (1796-1854), Publisher and bookseller. Artist associated with 11 portraits.
- W.S. Wilkinson (active 1842), Etcher and engraver. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.