© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mezzotint reproductions by Samuel William Reynolds after six portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds
by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
9 in. x 6 1/2 in. (229 mm x 164 mm) plate size; 11 1/4 in. x 8 5/8 in. (285 mm x 220 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- Samuel William Reynolds (1773-1835), Mezzotint engraver and painter. Artist associated with 628 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Ludovico, Count Belgioso (1728-1801), Austrian Minister to Britain. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (1758-1844), British peer; Lord of the Admiralty 1782–83. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute (1744-1814), Diplomat and collector. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle (1773-1848), Politician; Lord Privy Seal. Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Lord John Cavendish (1732-1796), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter associated with 11 portraits.
- William Davidson (died 1794), British merchant in Rotterdam. Sitter in 3 portraits.
The Anti-Corn Law league is established in Manchester, led by Richard Cobden and John Bright, aiming to create a fully free-trade economy. The People's Charter is published, demanding many constitutional amendments that would become central to future democratic reform, including universal male suffrage and secret ballots. Despite having one million signatures (and 5 million by 1848), the petition was rejected.Slavery is completely abolished.
Art and science
Turner's The Fighting Temeraire
is exhibited at the Royal Academy. The Temeraire, which had broken the line at the Battle of Trafalgar, was a reflection on the rapid changes of the industrial age. This was demonstrated this year when Isambard Brunel's Great Western crosses the Atlantic, in just fifteen days - a ship under sail could take a month. The London-Birmingham railway is also completed, the line engineered by Robert Stephenson.
The first stage in the formation of independent Boer republics in South Africa, as the Republic of Natal is formed in South Africa, following the Boers defeat of the Matabele of Mzilikasi. This comes two years after the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the British-ruled colony of South Africa set out on the Great Trek, in search of their own independent state.The Central American Federation, an experimental republic formed of several Latin states splits.