© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Robert White, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1688
7 3/4 in. x 5 3/8 in. (197 mm x 138 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) (died 1737), Mezzotinter and pastel draughtsman. Artist associated with 65 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 608 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
The Glorious Revolution. Senior statesmen, increasingly resentful of James's assault upon liberties of his subjects, invite William III of Orange to invade England. Their action is spurred on by the acquittal of seven bishops who refused to read James II's declaration of indulgence from their pulpits. James flees into exile.
Art and science
George Savile, Marquess of Halifax, publishes his political tract, The Character of a Trimmer
, written 1685, which urged Charles II to shake off his brother's influence. Writer, Aphra Behn, publishes Oroonoko
, often considered to be an abolitionist treatise.
Nine Years' War. Threatened by William III's invasion of England and possible alliance of Protestant European states under his helm, Louis XIV sends French troops into the Rhineland. This pre-emptive strike ignites a war of attrition, and institutes a coalition of European states united in attempting to halt expansionist France.